Electronic control of water resources using smart field irrigation systems

Amera I. Badran, Manar Y. Kashmoola

Abstract


Most of the research showed that the reason behind the agricultural lesions is the over usage of water in irrigation the matter which cause the appearance of fungicide on plants and salinity of the soil. From this point emerged the need for adapt some systems to work in farms in order to reduces the expenses of the product, improve its quality and lessen the consumption of water. Internet webs have been a preceding means in such a scope; and they also showed flexibility in designing such systems. In this paper; a smart irrigation system that depend on the values of moisture content and the agricultural constants (Feld Capacity, Wilt Point of the plant, Bulk Density, Depth of the root of the plant, the consumption of each water dripper and the passing area) in making the decision of irrigation and running the water pump, depending on the quantity of water to be added and the duration of irrigation time, and it is better. Field humidity levels at 0.32. This system was built by using the microcontroller ESP-32S&ESP8266 and moister sensor. The data was uploaded to Adafruit server for the sake of remote monitoring by MQTT protocol.

Keywords


Field capacity; Internet of things; MQTT protocol; Smart irrigation; Soil constants; Soil moisture; Wilt point

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijict.v10i2.pp116-125

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