Adaptive resource allocation in NOMA-enabled backscatter communications systems

Deepa Das, Rajendra Kumar Khadanga, Deepak Kumar Rout


The integration of NOMA with Backscatter communication (BackCom) is a promising solution for developing a green future wireless network. However, system performance degrades with the deployment of multiple backscatter devices (BDs) in a network. Hence, energy efficiency (EE) maximization with proper resource allocation is among the primary concerns. In this regard, this paper proposes an adaptive resource allocation method for maximizing EE by simultaneously optimizing the transmission power from the base station (BS), power allocation coefficients, and reflection coefficients under the constraints of maximum allowable transmission power and minimum achievable data rate. Specifically, an iterative method based on a parametric transformation approach is adopted for maximizing EE by jointly optimizing the coefficients, in which the power allocation problem to the BDs is solved by an adaptive method that is based on improved proportionate normalized least mean square (IPNLMS) algorithm. Then, the system performance is evaluated, and the impact of different parameters is also studied it is observed that EE is significantly improved as compared to the existing scheme, and maximum at η=-0.5.


Backscatter communication; Dinkelbach method; Non-orthogonal multiple access; Green communication; Improved proportionate normalized least mean square algorithm

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The International Journal of Informatics and Communication Technology (IJ-ICT)
p-ISSN 2252-8776, e-ISSN 2722-2616
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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